Research highlights:

SMALL, 14, 1804066 (2018) 

Surface Science Reports, 67, 1(2012) 

Applied Physics letters, 96, 183102 (2010) 

Nature Nanotechnology, (research highlights),
Vol 5, 384, June 2010





-Khalid Quertite, Hanna Enriquez, Nicolas Trcera, Yongfeng Tong, Azzedine Bendounan, Andrew J. Mayne, Gérald Dujardin, Pierre Lagarde, Abdallah El kenz, Abdelilah Benyoussef, Yannick J. Dappe, Abdelkader Kara, and Hamid Oughaddou, Silicene nanoribbons on an insulating thin film.
Advanced Functional Materials, Accepted

-Ghassane Tiouitchi, Mustapha Ait Ali, Abdelilah Benyoussef, Mohammed Hamedoun, Abdessadek Lachgar, Abdelkader Kara, Ahmed Ennaoui, Abdelfattah Mahmoud, Frederic Boschini, Hamid Oughaddou, Amine El Moutaouakil, Abdellah El Kenz and Omar Mounkachi, Efficient production of few-layer black phosphorus by liquid-phase exfoliation 
R. Soc. Open Sci. 7: 201210 (2020)

-Wei Zhang, Hanna Enriquez, Yongfeng Tong, Andrew J. Mayne, Azzedine Bendounan, Yannick J. Dappe, Abdelkader Kara, Gérald Dujardin, and Hamid Oughaddou, Phosphorus Pentamers: Floating Nanoflowers form a 2D Network
Advanced Functional Materials, 30, 2004531 (2020)
-Wei Zhang, Hanna Enriquez, Xuan Zhang, Andrew J. Mayne, Azzedine Bendounan, Yannick J. Dappe, Abdelkader Kara, Gérald Dujardin, and Hamid Oughaddou, Blue Phosphorene Reactivity on the Au(111) Surface
Nanotechnology, 31, 495602 (2020)

-W. Zhang, H. Enriquez, A.J.Mayne, A. Bendounan, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Kara, G. Dujardin, and H. Oughaddou, First steps of blue phosphorene growth on Au(1 1 1)
Materials Today: Proceedings, In press

Y. Tong, M.  Bouaziz, H. Oughaddou, H. Enriquez, K. Chaouchi, F. Nicolas, S. Kubsky, V. Esaulov, and A. Bendounan, Phase transition and thermal stability of epitaxial PtSe2 monolayer on Pt(111)
RSC Advances, 10,  51, 20, 30934-30943 (2020)

-G. Tiouitchi, F. ElManjli, O. Mounkachi, A. Mahmoud, F. Boschini, A. Kara, H. Oughaddou, M. Hamedoun, A. Benyoussef, and M. Ait Ali, From Amorphous Red Phosphorus to a Few Layers of Black Phosphorus: A Low-cost and Efficient Preparation Process
Jordan Journal of Physics, 13,  2, 149-155 (2020)
-Mohammed Rachid Tchalala, Hanna Enriquez, Azzedine Bendounan, Andrew J. Mayne, Gérald Dujardin, Abdelkader Kara, Mustapha Ait Ali, and Hamid Oughaddou, Tip-Induced Oxidation Of Silicene Nano-Ribbons,
Nanoscale Advances, 2, 2309 - 2314 (2020)

-Yongfeng Tong, Meryem Bouaziz, Wei Zhang, Baydaa Obeid, Antoine Loncle, Hamid Oughaddou, Hanna Enriquez, Karine Chaouchi, V A Esaulov, Zhesheng Chen, Heqi Xiong, Yingchun Cheng and Azzedine Bendounan, Evidence of New 2D Material: Cu2Te,
2D Materials, 7, 035010 (2020)

-AbdelazizEl Boujlaidi, Nabil Rochdi, Rachid Tchalala, HannaEnriquez, Andrew J.Mayne, and HamidOughaddou, Growth and characterization of nickel oxide ultra-thin films,
Surfaces and Interfaces, 18,100433 (2020)


-Nils Fabian Kleimeier, Gabi Wenzel, Adrian Joe Urban, Mohamed Rachid Tchalala, Hamid Oughaddou,Yuriy Dedkov, Elena Voloshina  and  Helmut Zacharias, Unoccupied electronic band structure of pentagonal Si nanoribbons on Ag(110),
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 21 (32), 17811-17820 (2019)

-G. Tiouitchi, M .Ait Ali, A. Benyoussef, M. Hamedoun, A. Lachgar, M. Benaissa, A. Kara, A. Ennaoui, A. Mahmoud, F. Boschini, H. Oughaddou, A. El Kenz, O. Mounkachi, An easy route to synthesis high-quality black phosphorus from amorphous red phosphorus,
Materials Letters, Volume 236, 56-59 (2019)

-Tong, J. D. Fuhr, M. L. Martiarena, H. Oughaddou, H. Enriquez, F. Nicolas, K. Chaouchi, S. Kubsky, and. Bendounan , Properties of NTCDA Thin Films on Ag(110): STM,  Photoemission, NEXAFS and DFT Investigations.
Journal of physical chemistry C, 123, 1, 379-386(2019)


-W. Zhang, H. Enriquez, Y. Tong, A. Bendounan, A. Kara, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Mayne, G. Dujardin, and H. Oughaddou, Epitaxial Synthesis of Blue Phosphorene
SMALL, 14, 1804066 (2018)

 -M. R. Tchalala, A. Kara, A. Lachgar, S. Yagoubi,  E. Foy, E. Vega, S.  Nitsche, D. Chaudanson, A.  Aufray, L. El Firdoussi, M. Ali, and H. Oughaddou, Silicon nanoparticles synthesis from calcium disilicide by redox assisted chemical exfoliation
Materials Today Communications 16, 281 (2018)

-M.R.  Tchalala, H. Enriquez, A. Mayne, A. Kara, G. Dujardin and H. Oughaddou,
First steps of silicene growth on Ag(111)
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1081 012005 (2018)


-Kh. Quertite, H. Zaari, H. Ez-Zahraouy, A. El Kenz, H. Oughaddou, A. Benyoussef, Theoretical investigation of electronic, magnetic, transport and optical, properties of the pure and doped cuprate superconductor HgBa2CuO4+
Current Applied Physics 17 1271-1278 (2017)

-A. Husseen, S. Le Moal, H. Oughaddou, G. Dujardin, A. Mayne, Andrew, and E. Le Moal, Reaction kinetics of ultrathin NaCl films on Ag(001) upon electron irradiation
Physical review B, 96 23, 235418, (2017)

-K. Quertite, K. Lasri, H. Enriquez, A. Mayne, A. Bendounan, G. Dujardin, N. Trcera, W. Malone, A. El Kenz, A. Benyoussef, A Kara, and H. Oughaddou, Atomic Structure of Submonolayer NaCl Grown on Ag(110) Surface,
Journal of physical chemistry C, 121, 37, 20272, (2017)

-Y. Tong, F. Nicolas, F S. Kubsky, H. Oughaddou, F. Sirotti, V. Esaulov, and A. Bendounan, Interplay between Structural and Electronic Properties in 1,4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic Dianhydride Films on Cu(100),
Journal of Physical Chemistry C , 121, 9, 5050 (2017)

-S. Sadeddine, H. Enriquez, A. Bendounan, P. Das, I. Vobornik, A. Kara, A. Mayne, F. Sirotti, G. Dujardin, and H. Oughaddou, Compelling experimental evidence of a Dirac cone in the electronic structure of a 2D Silicon layer
Scientific Reports, 7, 44400 (2017)


-H.Oughaddou, R. Tchalala, A. Bendounan, H. Enriquez, A. Mayne, G. Dujardin,
Chapitre N°8 du livre: “Silicene: Structure, Properties and Applications”,
Publisher: Springer Series in Materials Science, pp.167-181, Feb 2016
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-28344-9 8


 -H. Oughaddou, H. Enriquez, M. R. Tchalala, H. Yildirim, A. J. Mayne, A. Bendounan, G. Dujardin, M. Ait Ali, and A. Kara, Silicene, a promising new 2D material
Progress in Surface Science 90 (2015) 46–83


- M. R. Tchalala, H. Enriquez,  H. Yildirim, A. Kara, A. Mayne, G. Dujardin, M. Ait Ali and H. Oughaddou, Atomic and electronic structures of the (sqrt13xsqr13)R13.9° of silicene sheet on Ag(111)
Appl. Surf. Sci, 303 (2014) 61–66

A. Kara, H. Enriquez, J-L Lemaire and H. Oughaddou
Silicene, the new supernova material, Proceeding of the 3rd international meeting on silicene (IMS-3)

Journal of Physics: Conference Series 491, (2014) 011001

-M. R. Tchalala, H. Enriquez, A. Mayne, A. Kara, G. Dujardin, M. Ait Ali and H. Oughaddou
Atomic structure of silicene nanoribbons on Ag(110)
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 491 (2014) 012002 

-H. Enriquez, A. Kara,  A. Mayne, G. Dujardin, H. Jamgotchian, B. Aufray and H.Oughaddou
Atomic structure of the (2sqrt3x2sqrt3)R30  of silicene on Ag(111) surface
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 491 (2014) 012004

-V. Bocchetti, H. T. Diep, H. Enriquez, H. Oughaddou and A. Kara4
Thermal stability of standalone silicene sheet
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 491 (2014) 012008 


-Sébastien Vizzini,Hamid Oughaddou, J. Y. Hoarau, J. P. Biberian, M. Bertoglio and B. Aufray, Unexpected behaviour of one Pb monolayer deposited on aluminum oxide thin film grown on Ag(111)
Applied Physics letters, 103, 261601 (2013)

-Mohamed Rachid Tchalala, Mustapha Ait Ali, Hanna Enriquez, Abdelkader Kara, Abdessadek Lachgar, Said Yagoubi, Eddy Foy, Enrique Vega, Azzedine Bendounan, Mathieu G. Silly, Fausto Sirotti, Serge Nitshe, Damien Chaudanson, Haik Jamgotchian, Bernard Aufray, Andrew J. Mayne, Gérald Dujardin and Hamid Oughaddou, Silicon sheets by redox assisted chemical exfoliation
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 25, 442001 (2013)

-Z. Majzik, M. R. Tchalala, M. Svec, P. Hapala, H. Enriquez, A. Kara, A. Mayne, G. Dujardin, P. Jelinek and H. Oughaddou, Combined AFM and STM measurements of a silicene sheet grown on the Ag(111) surface
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 25, 225301 (2013)

Mohamed Rachid Tchalala, Hanna Enriquez, Andrew J. Mayne, Abdelkader Kara, Silvan Roth, Mathieu G. Silly, Azzedine Bendounan, Fausto Sirotti, Thomas Greber, Bernard Aufray, Gérald Dujardin, M. Ait Ali and Hamid Oughaddou, Formation of one-dimentional self assembled silicon nanoribbons on Au(110)-(2x1)
Applied Physics letters, 102, 083107 (2013)


-James Westover, Hanna Enriquez, Hamid Oughaddou and Abdelkader Kara
Metallization of the β-SiC(100) 3x2 Surface: a DFT Investigation
Surface Science, 606, 1471-1474 (2012)

- Hanna Enriquez, Sébatien Vizzini, Abdelkader Kara, Boubekeur Lalmi and Hamid Oughaddou, Silicene structures on silver surfaces
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 24, 314211 (2012)

- Hanna Enriquez, Andrew Mayne, Abdelkader Kara, Sébastien Vizzini, Silvan Roth, Boubekeur Lalmi, Ari P Seitsonen, Bernard Aufray, Thomas Greber, Rachid Belkhou, Gérald Dujardin and Hamid Oughaddou, Adsorption of silicon on Au(110): an ordered 2D surface alloy
Applied Physics letters, 101, 021605 (2012)

- Abdelkader Kara, Hanna Enriquez, Ari Seitsonen, Lok C. Lew Yan Voon, Sébatien Vizzini, Bernard Aufray and Hamid Oughaddou, A Review on Silicene – new candidate for electronics
Surface Science Reports, 67, 1–18 (2012)


- N. Rochdi, K. Liudvikouskay, M. Descoins, M. Raïssi, C. Coudreau, J.-L. Lazzari, H. Oughaddou, F. Arnaud D'Avitaya, Surface morphology and structure of ultra-thin magnesium oxide grown on (100) silicon by atomic layer deposition oxidation
Thin Solid Films, 519, 6302 (2011)

- A. Kara, H. Enriquez, S. Vizzini, B. Ealet, B. Aufray, and H. Oughaddou,
A Silicon Monolayer on Ag(111),
Global Journal of Phys. Chem, V 2, issue 2, 145 (2011)

- N. Rochdi, M. Raïssi,  S. Vizzini, C. Coudreau, J-L. Lazzari, B. Aufray, H Oughaddou and F-A D'Avitaya, Structural and electrical characterizations of nanometer scaled aluminum oxide in metal / insulator / silicon (100) heterostructures
Global Journal of Phys. Chem., V 2, issue 2, 230 (2011)

- S. Vizzini, H. Enriquez, S. Chiang, H. Oughaddou and P. Soukiassian
Nano-structures developing at the graphene/silicon carbide interface
Surface Science Letters, 605, L6-L11 (2011)

Graphene epitaxied on SiC, with an open band gap and mobility comparable to standard graphene with zero band gap
Inventors : Shirley Chiang, Hanna Enriquez, Hamid Oughaddou, Patrick Soukiassian, Antonio Tejeda Gala, Sébastien Vizzini
Patent number: 8906784,  Date of Patent: 12.05.2011,
International Application No.:   PCT/EP2010/067134


- Boubeker Lalmi, Hamid Oughaddou, Hanna Enriquez, Abdelkader Kara, Sébastien Vizzini, Bénédicte Ealet and Bernard Aufray, Epitaxial growth of a silicene sheet
Applied Physics letters, 97, 223109 (2010)

- M. Raïssi, S. Vizzini, G.Langer, N. Rochdi, H. Oughaddou, C. Coudreau, , S. Nitsche, F. A. d'Avitaya, B. Aufray and J-L. Lazzari, Interfacial solid phase reactions in cobalt/aluminum-oxide/Silicon (001) system
Thin Solid Films, 518, 5992 (2010)

- Paola  De Padova, Claudio Quaresima, Carlo Ottaviani, Polina M. Sheverdyaeva, Paolo Moras, Carlo Carbone, Dinesh Topwal, Bruno Olivieri, Abdelkader Kara, Hamid Oughaddou, Bernard Aufray and Guy Le Lay, Evidence of graphene-like electronic signature in silicene nano-ribbons
Applied Physics letters, 96, 261905 (2010)

- Bernard Aufray, Abdelkader Kara, Sébastien Vizzini, Hamid Oughaddou, Christel Léandri, Benedicte Ealet, and Guy Le Lay, "Silicene: Flatter silicon"
Nature Nanotechnology, (
research highlights),Vol 5, 384, June 2010

- Bernard Aufray, Abdelkader Kara, Sébastien Vizzini, Hamid Oughaddou, Christel Léandri, Benedicte Ealet, and Guy Le Lay, Graphene-like nanoribbons on Ag(110): A possible formation of silicene, Applied Physics letters, 96, 183102 (2010)  (cover page of the issue)

- T.  El Asri , M. Raissi, S. Vizzini, A. El Maachi, E.L. Ameziane, H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray, F. A. D’avitaya, J. L. Lazzari, C. Coudreau, and A.  Kaddouri, Inter-Diffusion of cobalt and silicon through an ultra thin aluminum oxide layer, Applied Surface Science, 256, 2731 (2010)

- Abdelkader Kara, Sébastien Vizzini, Cristel Leandri, Benedicte Ealet, Hamid Oughaddou, Bernard Aufray, and Guy Le Lay, Silicon Nano-Ribbons on Ag(110): a computational investigation
 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22, 045004 (2010)


- S. Vizzini, H. Oughaddou , J.Y Hoarau , J-P Bibérian and B. Aufray
Growth of ultrathin film aluminum oxide on Ag(111)
Applied Physics letters, 95, 173111 (2009)

G. Le Lay, B. Aufray, C. Léandri, H. Oughaddou, J.-P. Biberian, P. De Padova, M.E. Dávila, B. Ealet, A. Kara, Physics and chemistry of silicene nano-ribbons
Applied Surface Science, 256, 524 (2009)

- A. Kara, C. Léandri, M. E. Dávila, P. De Padova, B. Ealet , H. Oughaddou,B. Aufray and G. Le Lay
Physics of Silicene Stripes
J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 22, 3, 259 (2009)


- V.K. Lazarov, A. Kohn, T. Uhrmann, T. Dimopoulos, H. Brückl, H. Achard, C. Baraduc, S. Vizzini, H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray, and F. Arnaud d’Avitaya, A TEM structural study of thermal stability of magnetic tunnel junctions integrated with CMOS devices
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 126, 12002 (2008)

- P. De Padova, C. Léandri, S.Vizzini, C. Quaresima, P. Perfetti1, B.Olivieri, H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray and G.  Le Lay, Burning match oxidation process of silicon nanowires screened at the atomic scale
Nano Letters, 8, 8, 2299 (2008)

- H. Oughaddou, A. Kara, G. Tréglia, B. Ealet, B. Aufray, T. S. Rahman, and G. Le Lay
Self-organization of Ge tetramers on Ag(001) surface: A 2D realization of unusual substrate mediated interactions
Surface Science, 602, 506 (2008)


- S. Vizzini, H. Oughaddou, K. Nguyen, B. Aufray, B. Ealet, J.-P. Bibérian,  J.-L. Lazzari, C. Coudreau, J.-M. Gay and F. Arnaud d'Avitaya, Controlled growth of aluminum oxide thin films on hydrogen terminated Si(0 0 1) surface
Journal of Crystal Growth, 305, 26, (2007)

- H. Oughaddou, A. Mayne, B. Aufray, J. P. Bibérian, G. Le Lay, B. Ealet, G. Dujardin and A. kara
Self-organized semiconductors on metallic surfaces: Ge/Ag(111)
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 7, 3189 (2007)

- C. Leandri, H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray, J M. Gay, G. Le Lay, A. Ranguis and Y. Garreau
Growth of Si nanostructures on Ag (001)

Surface Science Letters,, 601, 262 (2007)


- J. Dalmas, H. Oughaddou, G. Le Lay, B. Aufray, G. Tréglia, C. Girardeaux, J. Bernardini, Jun Jujii and G. Panaccione, Photoelectron spectroscopy study of Pb/Ag(111)
Surface Science, 600, 1227 (2006)

- H. Oughaddou, S. Vizzini, B. Aufray, B. Ealet, J-M. Gay, J-P. Bibérian and F. A. D'Avitaya
Growth and oxidation of Al thin films deposited on Ag(111)
Applied Surface Science, 252, 4167 (2006)

- J. Dalmas, H. Oughaddou, C. Léandri, J-M. Gay, G. Le lay, G. Tréglia, B. Aufray, O. Bunk and R. L. Johnson, Formation of an unexpected ordered two dimensional Ag2Pb surface alloy on Ag(111) : a SXRD and STM study
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 67, 601 (2006)

H. Oughaddou, S. Vizzini, B. Aufray, B. Ealet, L. Ravel, J-M. Gay, J.P. Bibérian and F. A. d'Avitaya, Growth of aluminum oxide thin films on Cobalt: an AES and AFM study
Journal de physique IV, 132, 269 (2006)


- J. Dalmas, H. Oughaddou, C. Léandri, J-M. Gay, G. Le lay, G. Tréglia, B. Aufray, O. Bunk and R.L. Johnson, Ordered surface alloy formation of immiscible metals: The case of Pb deposited on Ag(111)
Physical Review B 72, 155424 (2005)


- H. Oughaddou, C. Léandri, B. Aufray and G. Le Lay
Novel nanostructures formed by semiconductors on metal surface
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ), ASDAM'04, ISBN: 0-7803-8335-7, 33-39 (2004)

- C. Léandri, H. Oughaddou, J.M. Gay, B. Aufray, G. Le Lay, J.P Bibérian, A. Rangüis, O. Bunk and R.L. Johnson, Self-assembled germanium nanoclusters on silver (110)
Surface Science Letter, 573, L369 (2004)


- H. Oughaddou, C. Léandri, B. Aufray, C. Girardeaux, J. Bernardini, G. Le Lay, JP Bibérian and N. Barrett, Growth and dissolution kinetics of Au/Pb(111) : AES-LEED study
Applied Surface Science, 1-5, 9781 (2003)

- N. Papageorgiou,Y. Ferro,J. M. Layet, L. Giovanelli,A. J. Mayne, G. Dujardin, H. Oughaddou, and G. Le Lay, Self-assembled molecular chains formed by selective adsorption of lead-phthalocyanine on InSb(100)-(4x2)-c(8x2)
Applied Physics letters, 82, 2518, (2003)


- G. Le Lay and H. Oughaddou
Structure, electronics and dynamics of clean and metal adsorbed semiconductor surfaces: recent results and perspectives
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13 11195 (2001)


- H. Oughaddou, S. Sawaya, J. Goniakowski, B. Aufray, G. Tréglia, G. Le Lay, J.M. Gay, N. Barrett, C. Guillot, A. Mayne and G. Dujardin, Ge/Ag(111) semiconductor-on-metal growth : Formation of an Ag2Ge surface alloy
Physical Review B, 62, 16653 (2000)

H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray, G. Le Lay, J.M. Gay, J. Zeysing and R.L. Johnson
Semiconductor on metal adsorption : Ge tetramers on the Ag(001) surface
Applied Surface Science, 74-77, 162, (2000)

- H. Oughaddou, J.M. Gay, B. Aufray, L. Lapena, G. Le Lay, O. Bunk, G. Falkenberg, J.H. Zeysing and R.L. Johnson, Ge tetramer structure of the p(2sqrt2 × 4sqrt2)R45° surface reconstruction of Ge/Ag(001) : a SXRD and STM study
Physical Review B, 61, 5692 (2000)


- H. Oughaddou, J.M. Gay, B. Aufray, L. Lapena, O. Bunk, G. Falkenberg, J.H. Zeysing, R.L. Johnson and G. Le Lay, A comprehensive study of the early stages of the formation of a semiconductor-on-metal interface : adsorption of Ge on Ag(001)
European Symposium, HASYLAB, Germany (1999)

 H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray and J.M. Gay
Ge/Ag(111) : Surface alloy of a semiconductor on a metal
Surface Review and Letters, 6, 929, (1999)

- I. Meunier, J.M. Gay, L. Lapena, B. Aufray, H. Oughaddou, E. Landemark, G. Falkenberg, L. Lottermoser and R.L. Johnson, Atomic structure of the SbCu surface alloy : a SXRD study
Surface Science, 422, 42, (1999)

- H. Oughaddou, B Aufray, J.P. Bibérian and J.Y. Hoarau
Growth mode and dissolution kinetics of germanium thin films on a Ag(001) surface : an AES-LEED investigation
Surface Science, 429, 320, (1999)


- H. Oughaddou, B Aufray, J. Bernardini and J.P. Bibérian
An unexpected surface segregation phenomenon of Au on the surface of Pb(Au) solid solution
Surface Review and Letters, 4, 1139, (1997)